PTSDFollowing the recent terrorist attacks in Manchester and London, survivors will be recovering from the physical injuries inflicted on them in a long and painful process. However, there is also a less obvious condition which will impact not only those harmed in the attack but sends far reaching ripples across the population, known as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder PTSD. Often associated with those involved in war zones around the world, PTSD can affect anyone who has been exposed to an event in which death, severe physical harm or violence has occurred or was threatened. Family members of victims can also develop the disorder, through sharing their experiences.
Symptoms may include flashbacks, anxiety, problems sleeping, intense guilt, irritability, numbness, sadness, angry outbursts, avoiding certain situations or places, feeling detached and that things are unreal. PTSD is frequently accompanied by depression, substance abuse, and anxiety disorders.
In order to reduce the risk of developing PTSD it is important to seeking out support from other people after the traumatic event such as mental health professionals, friends and family or a support group. Feeling good about your own actions in the face of danger and having coped with the situation can help you to build resillience. Somtimes PTSD can develop after a period of time so it is important to build support for as long as you need help in the early days following the incident.
Treatments for PTSD include medication, counselling and psychotherapy or both.